Hnub nyoog me ntsis (daim siab me me)

Hnub nyoog me ntsis (daim siab me me)

Tshuaj kho los ntawm Varixcare.cz. Hloov kho zaum kawg ntawm Lub Ib Hlis 21, 2020.

Txheej txheem cej luam

Cov ntsiab lus los ntawm Mayo Clinic

Hnub nyoog me me me, tiaj qhov chaw tsaus ntawm daim tawv nqaij. Lawv sib txawv hauv qhov loj me thiab feem ntau tshwm rau ntawm thaj chaw raug tshav, xws li lub ntsej muag, txhais tes, xub pwg thiab caj npab. Hnub nyoog me me kuj tseem hu ua sunspots, daim siab me me thiab hnub ci lentigines.



Cov hnub nyoog me me feem ntau tshwm sim rau cov neeg laus dua 50 xyoo, tab sis cov tub ntxhais hluas tuaj yeem tau txais lawv yog tias lawv siv sijhawm nyob hauv lub hnub.



Cov hnub nyoog me me tuaj yeem zoo li kev loj hlob ntawm qog noj ntshav. Cov hnub nyoog tseeb tsis xav tau kev kho mob, tab sis lawv yog lub cim ntawm daim tawv nqaij tau txais ntau lub hnub ci thiab yog kev sim los ntawm koj cov tawv nqaij los tiv thaiv nws tus kheej los ntawm ntau lub hnub puas. Rau cov laj thawj zoo nkauj, lawv tuaj yeem ua kom pom lossis tshem tawm.

Koj tuaj yeem pab tiv thaiv qhov hnub nyoog los ntawm kev siv tshuaj pleev thaiv hnub thiab zam lub hnub.



Hnub nyoog me ntsis ntawm lub xub pwg thiab nraub qaum

Yog tias koj muaj cov tawv nqaij thiab siv sijhawm ntau nyob hauv lub hnub, koj yuav muaj peev xwm tsim cov hnub nyoog me ntsis - thaj chaw ntawm cov xim ntau ntxiv.

Cov tsos mob

Cov hnub nyoog me me tuaj yeem cuam tshuam rau tib neeg ntawm txhua hom tawv nqaij, tab sis lawv muaj ntau dua rau cov neeg laus uas muaj tawv nqaij. Tsis zoo li quav hnav, uas ib txwm muaj rau menyuam yaus thiab ploj mus yam tsis muaj hnub ci, hnub nyoog me ntsis tsis ploj.

Hnub nyoog me ntsis:



ntau npaum li cas yog ib tug moog haujlwm nyob rau hauv dia
  • Yog tiaj tus, oval cheeb tsam ntawm cov xim ntxiv
  • Feem ntau yog ziab rau xim av tsaus
  • Tshwm sim ntawm daim tawv nqaij uas tau muaj lub hnub tshav tshaj plaws nyob rau xyoo, xws li nraub qaum ntawm txhais tes, saum ko taw, ntsej muag, xub pwg thiab sab nraub qaum
  • Ntau yam los ntawm qhov quav me me txog li 1/2 nti (13 mm) hla
  • Ua pawg ua ke, ua rau lawv pom ntau dua

Thaum mus ntsib kws kho mob

Hnub nyoog tsis xav tau kev kho mob. Kom koj tus kws kho mob saib cov chaw uas muaj xim dub lossis tau hloov pauv. Cov kev hloov pauv no tuaj yeem yog cov tsos mob ntawm melanoma, mob hnyav ntawm daim tawv nqaij.

Nws yog qhov zoo tshaj kom muaj kev hloov pauv ntawm daim tawv nqaij tshiab los ntawm kws kho mob, tshwj xeeb tshaj yog tias qhov chaw:

  • Yog dub
  • Loj zuj zus
  • Muaj ciam teb tsis xwm yeem
  • Muaj qhov txawv txav ua ke ntawm cov xim
  • Los ntshav
Hnub nyoog me ntsis ntawm tes

Cov hnub nyoog me me tuaj yeem loj tuaj hauv qhov loj thiab pab pawg ua ke, ua rau cov tawv nqaij zoo li me ntsis lossis pom me ntsis. Lawv tshwm sim ntau nyob rau thaj chaw uas tau txais lub hnub ntau dua, xws li ntawm sab tes.

Ua

Cov hnub nyoog me me yog tshwm sim los ntawm cov hlwb ua haujlwm ntau dhau. Ultraviolet (UV) lub teeb nrawm ua cov melanin, cov xim ntuj uas muab rau nws cov xim. Ntawm daim tawv nqaij uas tau muaj hnub ci ntau xyoo, lub hnub nyoog me me tshwm thaum melanin dhau los ua pawg lossis tsim tawm hauv qhov siab.

Kev siv cov teeb pom kev zoo thiab cov txaj kuj tuaj yeem ua rau muaj hnub nyoog me ntsis.

Risk yam

Koj yuav muaj feem yuav tsim muaj hnub nyoog yog tias koj:

  • Muaj daim tawv nqaij
  • Muaj keeb kwm ntawm raug tshav ntuj ntau heev lossis raug tshav kub

Kev tiv thaiv

Txhawm rau pab zam qhov chaw hnub nyoog thiab qhov chaw tshiab tom qab kho, ua raws cov lus qhia no rau kev txwv koj lub hnub ci:

  • Tsis txhob tshav ntuj thaum 10 teev sawv ntxov txog 2 teev tsaus ntuj Vim tias lub hnub lub hnub ci tshaj plaws nyob rau lub sijhawm no, sim teem sijhawm sab nraum zoov rau lwm lub sijhawm ntawm hnub ntawd.
  • Siv tshuaj pleev thaiv hnub. Kaum tsib mus rau 30 feeb ua ntej yuav tawm mus nraum zoov, siv cov tshuaj pleev thaiv hnub nrog rau qhov tiv thaiv tshav ntuj (SPF) tsawg kawg 30. Siv tshuaj pleev thaiv hnub kom dav, thiab rov thov dua txhua ob teev-lossis ntau zaus yog tias koj ua luam dej lossis hws.
  • Npog. Txhawm rau tiv thaiv tshav ntuj, hnav cov khaub ncaws nruj uas npog koj txhais caj npab thiab txhais ceg thiab lub kaus mom dav dav, uas muab kev tiv thaiv ntau dua li lub kaus mom ntaus pob lossis visor golf.

    Xav txog kev hnav khaub ncaws tsim los tiv thaiv tshav ntuj. Saib cov khaub ncaws uas muaj daim ntawv tiv thaiv ultraviolet tiv thaiv (UPF) ntawm 40 txog 50 kom tau txais kev tiv thaiv zoo tshaj plaws.

    ntsiav tshuaj l544 ib sab

Kev kuaj mob

Kev txheeb xyuas qhov chaw hnub nyoog tuaj yeem suav nrog:

  • Kev tshuaj xyuas qhov muag. Koj tus kws kho mob feem ntau tuaj yeem txheeb xyuas hnub nyoog me me los ntawm kev saib koj cov tawv nqaij. Nws yog ib qho tseem ceeb kom paub qhov txawv hnub nyoog los ntawm lwm yam kab mob ntawm daim tawv nqaij vim tias kev kho mob txawv thiab siv cov txheej txheem tsis raug tuaj yeem ncua lwm qhov kev kho mob xav tau.
  • Daim tawv nqaij kuaj. Koj tus kws kho mob tej zaum yuav ua lwm qhov kev sim, xws li tshem tawm cov qauv me me ntawm daim tawv nqaij rau kev kuaj hauv chav kuaj ntshav (daim tawv nqaij biopsy). Qhov no tuaj yeem pab cais qhov chaw hnub nyoog los ntawm lwm yam mob, xws li lentigo maligna, yam mob qog noj ntshav ntawm daim tawv nqaij. Feem ntau cov nqaij tawv nqaij ua tiav hauv kws kho mob lub chaw haujlwm, siv tshuaj loog hauv zos.

Kev kho mob

Yog tias koj xav kom koj lub hnub nyoog me ntsis kom pom tseeb, muaj kev kho mob kom pom lossis tshem tawm lawv. Vim tias cov xim nyob ntawm lub hauv paus ntawm daim tawv nqaij - txheej txheej saum toj kawg nkaus ntawm daim tawv nqaij - ib qho kev kho mob txhais tau tias ua kom lub hnub nyoog me me yuav tsum nkag mus rau txheej tawv nqaij.

Kev kho qhov chaw hnub nyoog muaj xws li:

  • Tshuaj. Thov tshuaj pleev tshuaj dawb (hydroquinone) ib leeg lossis nrog retinoids (tretinoin) thiab cov tshuaj tsis haum me me tuaj yeem ua rau me ntsis ploj mus ntau lub hlis. Cov kev kho yuav ua rau khaus ib ntus, liab, hlawv lossis qhuav.
  • Laser thiab khaus khaus lub teeb. Qee qhov laser thiab siv tshuaj kho lub teeb ua kom lub cev melanin tsim (melanocytes) tsis ua rau daim tawv nqaij puas. Cov txheej txheem no feem ntau xav tau ob txog peb ntu. Qhov txhab (tshem tawm) lasers tshem tawm txheej txheej saum toj kawg nkaus ntawm daim tawv nqaij (epidermis).
  • Khov (cryotherapy). Cov txheej txheem no kho qhov chaw los ntawm kev siv lub paj rwb-tipped swab los siv cov kua nitrogen li tsib feeb lossis tsawg dua. Qhov no rhuav tshem cov xim ntxiv. Raws li thaj tsam zoo, daim tawv nqaij zoo li lub teeb. Txau kom khov tuaj yeem siv rau ntawm pawg me me ntawm qhov chaw. Kev kho mob tuaj yeem ua rau tawv nqaij ib ntus thiab ua rau muaj kev pheej hmoo me me ntawm qhov caws pliav lossis hloov xim.
  • Dermabrasion. Dermabrasion xuab zeb poob rau txheej txheej ntawm daim tawv nqaij nrog txhuam nrawm. Cov tawv nqaij tshiab tuaj ntawm nws qhov chaw. Tej zaum koj yuav tsum tau ua cov txheej txheem ntau dua ib zaug. Qhov tshwm sim tshwm sim muaj xws li liab ib ntus, khawb thiab o. Nws yuav siv sijhawm ntau lub hlis rau qhov liab dawb ploj mus.
  • Microdermabrasion. Microdermabrasion yog ib txoj kev nruj me ntsis dua li dermabrasion. Nws tawm ntawm daim tawv nqaij me me ua rau pom zoo dua. Koj yuav xav tau cov txheej txheem ntau hli dhau los kom tau txais txiaj ntsig me me, cov txiaj ntsig ib ntus. Koj tuaj yeem pom qhov liab me ntsis lossis ua rau khaus ntawm qhov chaw kho. Yog tias koj muaj rosacea lossis cov leeg liab me me ntawm koj lub ntsej muag, cov txheej txheem no tuaj yeem ua rau mob hnyav dua.
  • Tshuaj tua kab. Txoj hauv kev no cuam tshuam nrog kev siv tshuaj tov tshuaj rau ntawm daim tawv nqaij kom tshem tawm cov txheej txheej saum toj kawg nkaus. Tshiab, daim tawv nqaij du dua los ua nws qhov chaw. Cov kev mob tshwm sim tuaj yeem suav nrog caws pliav, kis kab mob, thiab ua kom tawv nqaij tsaus. Liab ntev txog li ob peb lub lis piam. Koj yuav xav tau ntau txoj kev kho ua ntej koj pom ib qho txiaj ntsig.

Cov kev kho mob hnub nyoog uas tshem tawm cov tawv nqaij feem ntau ua tiav hauv kws kho mob lub chaw haujlwm thiab tsis tas yuav mus pw hauv tsev kho mob. Qhov ntev ntawm txhua tus txheej txheem thiab lub sijhawm nws yuav siv los pom cov txiaj ntsig sib txawv ntawm lub lis piam mus rau lub hlis.

Tom qab kho tas, thaum nyob sab nraum zoov koj yuav tsum tau siv cov tshuaj pleev thaiv hnub nrog rau qhov tiv thaiv tshav ntuj (SPF) tsawg kawg 30 thiab hnav khaub ncaws tiv thaiv.

Vim tias qhov chaw kho mob hnub nyoog raug txiav txim siab kom zoo nkauj, feem ntau lawv tsis tau txais kev pov hwm. Thiab vim tias cov txheej txheem tuaj yeem muaj kev phiv, tham nrog koj cov kev xaiv ua tib zoo nrog kws kho mob tshwj xeeb hauv cov tawv nqaij (kws kho mob tawv nqaij). Tsis tas li, xyuas kom koj tus kws kho mob tshwj xeeb tau kawm tshwj xeeb thiab tau ntsib hauv cov txheej txheem koj tab tom txiav txim siab.

Kev ua neej nyob thiab kev kho tsev

Muaj ntau cov tshuaj tsw qab tsis ploj thiab cov tshuaj pleev rau lub hnub nyoog qhov muag pom muaj muag. Cov no tuaj yeem txhim kho qhov pom ntawm cov hnub nyoog me me, nyob ntawm seb qhov tsaus ntuj tsaus nti thiab ntau npaum li cas koj siv cov tshuaj nplaum. Koj yuav xav tau siv cov khoom lag luam li niaj zaus rau ntau lub lis piam lossis hli ua ntej koj pom qhov txiaj ntsig.

Yog tias koj xav sim cov tshuaj nplaum tom khw muag khoom, xaiv ib qho uas muaj hydroquinone, glycolic acid lossis kojic acid. Qee cov khoom lag luam, tshwj xeeb tshaj yog cov uas muaj hydroquinone, tuaj yeem ua rau tawv nqaij tawv.

Koj kuj tseem tuaj yeem thov pleev kom pab ua lub hnub nyoog me ntsis pom.

Npaj rau lub sij hawm teem tseg

Koj yuav pib los ntawm kev mus ntsib koj tus kws kho mob thawj zaug, leej twg tuaj yeem xa koj mus rau kws kho mob tawv nqaij.

Piv txwv ntawm cov lus nug uas koj tus kws kho mob yuav nug, suav nrog:

  • Thaum twg koj pom thawj zaug ntawm koj cov tawv nqaij?
  • Puas tau pom me ntsis lossis nrawm?
  • Koj puas tau pom lwm qhov kev hloov pauv ntawm koj cov tawv nqaij?
  • Puas yog qhov mob khaus, sib tw lossis lwm yam tsis txaus siab?
  • Koj puas tau ntsib qhov kub hnyiab heev lossis hnyav heev?
  • Muaj pes tsawg zaus koj raug tshav lossis UV tawg?
  • Koj puas tiv thaiv koj cov tawv nqaij los ntawm UV hluav taws xob tas li?
  • Koj siv hom tiv thaiv hnub twg?
  • Koj puas muaj tsev neeg keeb kwm ntawm cov hnub nyoog me me lossis mob qog noj ntshav?
  • Koj noj tshuaj dab tsi?

Cov lus nug koj yuav xav nug koj tus kws kho mob suav nrog:

  • Yam kev hloov pauv dab tsi hauv kuv daim tawv nqaij kuv yuav tsum nrhiav?
  • Yog tias qhov me me yog hnub nyoog me me, kuv tuaj yeem ua dab tsi txhawm rau txhim kho kuv cov tawv nqaij?
  • Puas yog kev kho mob ua rau lawv ploj mus tas li, lossis lawv tsuas yog ua rau lub hnub nyoog me ntsis?
  • Cov pob no puas tuaj yeem ua rau mob qog noj ntshav?

© 1998-2019 Mayo Foundation rau Kev Kawm Kho Mob thiab Kev Tshawb Fawb (MFMER). Txhua txoj cai qhaib. Cov ntsiab lus ntawm kev siv.

phiv los ntawm nicotine gum