Yuav Ua Li Cas Rau Txhim Kho thiab Txhim Kho Hyper-V

Los ntawm Sara Perrott

Windows Server 2019 muab Hyper-V, uas yog Hom 1 tus neeg ua haujlwm saib xyuas. Hyper-V yog lub luag haujlwm uas tau nruab rau lub Windows Server 2019 operating system. Yog tias koj xav txuag lub sijhawm, koj tseem tuaj yeem rub tawm thiab teeb tsa lub Windows Hyper-V Server 2019, uas yog cov khoom lag luam ib txwm muaj rau rub tawm uas muaj lub Windows Hyper-V hypervisor, Windows Server tsav tsheb, thiab ntau yam virtualization Cheebtsam - tib cov tech uas koj tau txais los ntawm kev txhim kho lub luag haujlwm.



Ntawm no, koj kawm paub yuav ua li cas rau nruab Hyper-V los ntawm lub luag haujlwm. Lub lab lab uas tau siv rau qhov kev teeb tsa no koom nrog qhov sau npe sometestorg.com.



Windows 10 kuj tseem muaj ib qho version ntawm Hyper-V muaj uas koj tuaj yeem nruab. Nws yog qhov ua haujlwm uas muaj peev xwm ua kom muaj peev xwm, thiab nws yuav tso cai rau koj los txhawb nqa lub tshuab virtual, kev sib txuas lus virtual, thiab chaw cia hauv virtual. Qhov no tau txais txiaj ntsig zoo yog tias koj xav tau los ua haujlwm ntau lub operating system nyob rau hauv koj cov haujlwm ib hnub. Cov yam ntxwv no tsuas muaj yog tias koj tau tsim cov khoom siv Windows 10 Pro, Enterprise lossis Kev Kawm Txuj Ci. Nws tsis muaj nyob rau ntawm Windows 10 Cov Khoos Kas Hauv Tsev. Lub Windows 10 version ntawm Hyper-V tsis txhawb nqa kev ua haujlwm zoo ib yam li kev nyob teb chaws, Hyper-V Replica, lossis SR-IOV.

koj puas tuaj yeem noj benadryl thiab ibuprofen ua ke?

Yuav ua li cas rau nruab Hyper-V

Koj yuav tsum txiav txim siab qee qhov kev txiav txim siab yooj yim thaum lub sijhawm teeb tsa Hyper-V, tab sis lawv tuaj yeem hloov tom qab kev teeb tsa, yog li yog tias koj hloov siab lossis yuam kev, tsis txhob ntshai!



Ua raws li cov theem no rau nruab Hyper-V:

  1. Los ntawm Tus thawj tswj hwm ntawm server, xaiv Cov Hwj → Ntxiv Cov Cai thiab Cov Nta.
  2. Ntawm Ua Ntej Koj Yuav Pib Tshuaj Ntsuam, nyem Next.
  3. Ntawm Xaiv Qhov Ntaus Hom screen, nyem Next.
  4. Ntawm Xaiv Qhov Chaw Ncauj Lus Xaiv, nyem Next.
  5. Ntawm Xaiv Qhov Server Roles screen, xaiv Hyper-V.
  6. Nyem Ntxiv Cov Nta hauv lub thawv ntawv uas tau tshwm sim, thiab tom qab ntawd nyem Next.
  7. Ntawm Qhov Xaiv Cov Nta, nyem Next.
  8. Ntawm thawj tus Hyper-V screen, nyem Next.
  9. Ntawm Qhov Tsim Tsog Virtual Hloov screen, xaiv lub network adapter uas koj xav siv rau lub pob hluav taws xob.
    Raws li koj tuaj yeem pom hauv daim duab, koj muaj tib lub adapter los xaiv tam sim no, yog li xaiv nws. VMs nyob tsiv teb tsaws

    Koj yuav tsum xaiv lub network adapter rau lub virtual hloov los siv. Koj tuaj yeem hloov qhov tom qab.

  10. Nyem Next.
  11. Ntawm lub vijtsam Virtual Machine tsiv teb tsaws, xaiv lub Tshaj Tawm Cov Neeg Nkag Mus Los Xa thiab Tau Txais Qhov Kev Nkag Mus Los ntawm Virtual Machine ntawm lub Server no thiab xaiv lub npov Siv Pov Thawj Kev Ruaj Ntseg Kev Tiv Thaiv.

    Nyob tsiv teb tsaws chaw ua rau koj tsiv lub tshuab virtual los ntawm ib tus neeg rau zaub mov Hyper-V rau lwm tus neeg rau zaub mov Hyper-V tus neeg rau zaub mov yam tsis muaj qhov cuam tshuam. CredSSP yog qhov yooj yim tshaj plaws los teeb tsa kev tsiv teb tsaws chaw, tab sis nws xav kom koj nkag mus rau lub server tsiv mus nyob, yog li nws tsis yog qhov zoo tshaj plaws rau kev txiav tawm lub tshuab virtual.



    Hyper-V Tus tswj tuav ntawv qhia zaub mov

    Txhawm rau kom muaj kev ua neej nyob ntawm VMs, xaiv lub npov khij pub rau lawv thiab xaiv CredSSP.

  12. Nyem Next.
  13. Ntawm Qhov Muag Tshuaj Default, khaws cov chaw qub thiab nyem Next.
  14. Ntawm Daim Ntawv Qhia Paub Ntxiv Txuas Cov Lus Xaiv, xaiv lub Restart Destination Server Tau Yog Tias Yuav Tsum Tau Siv lub thawv.
  15. Nyem Yes on the box uas yog lees tias koj xav tso cai rau reboot.
  16. Nyem Rau Nruab.

Hyper-V lub luag haujlwm nruab rau, thiab tom qab ntawd lub server rov qab pib. Thaum nws rov qab los ntawm kev rov pib dua, koj tuaj yeem pib kho lub Hyper-V host.

Yuav teeb duab Hyper-V li cas

Tom qab Hyper-V raug teeb tsa, muaj ntau yam sib txawv uas koj tuaj yeem hloov kho lossis hloov pauv ntawm qhov koj tau teeb tsa thaum lub sijhawm teeb tsa. Tau txais mus rau Hyper-V console zoo ib yam li lwm lub luag haujlwm uas koj nruab rau lub Windows Server 2019. Los ntawm Tus Thawj Tswj Hwm, xaiv Cov Cuab Yeej → Hyper-V Tus Thawj Tswj.

Thaum Hyper-V Tus Thawj Tswj qhib, koj pom lub npe ntawm tus neeg rau zaub mov uas koj tsuas yog ntsia lub luag haujlwm. Nyem rau tus neeg rau khoom ntawd, thiab koj pom cov menus hloov pauv los cuam tshuam qee qhov uas koj tuaj yeem ua nrog tus tswv tsev. Yog tias koj muaj cai nyem rau tus tswv, koj pom cov ntawv qhia zaub mov zoo ib yam li cov kev ua yeeb yam. Cov ntawv qhia zaub mov no tso cai rau koj los kho koj tus Hyper-V host txoj kev raws li qhov koj xav tau.

NUMA Spanning

Cov ntawv qhia zaub mov rau tus tswv tsev hauv Hyper-V Manager nthuav qhia koj nrog koj cov kev xaiv tsim rau tus tswv tsev.

Txhawm rau pib txhim kho tus tswv tsev, nyem Hyper-V Chaw nyob rau hauv cov zaub mov uas koj tau txais los ntawm txoj cai-nias tus neeg rau npe lub npe.

Virtual Hard Disks thiab Virtual Machine

Thawj ob qhov kev xaiv ua ke - Virtual Hard Disks thiab Virtual Machine - tso cai rau koj hloov chaw cia ntawm lub hard disk uas siv rau VMs thiab qhov chaw nyob ntawm VM cov ntaub ntawv teeb tsa.

NUMA Kev Sib Tham

Qhov kev xaiv thib peb, Kev Tsiv Nkag Tsis Siv Tsho Tsis Zoo (NUMA) Kev Ncig Ua Si, uas muaj nyob hauv daim duab hauv qab no, tso cai rau koj teeb tsa tus tswv tsev los ua haujlwm li NUMA ntawm. Qhov no tso cai rau VMs siv cov peev txheej los ntawm lub server uas lawv tau nyob nrog rau lwm cov servers uas tau teeb tsa ua NUMA nodes. Qhov no txhais tau tias lub tshuab virtual tuaj yeem muaj ntau lub CPU lossis RAM ntau dua li uas muaj nyob rau ntawm ib lub cev host, yog tias lwm tus tswv tsev uas tseem yog NUMA ntawm tau faib cov khoom siv ntawd. Qhov no cuam tshuam rau kev ua tau zoo yog li kuv tsis xav qhia nws tshwj tias koj tsis siv nws hauv chav kuaj lossis ib puag ncig kev loj hlob. Zam kev siv qhov no hauv cov chaw ib puag ncig.

Nyob Nkag Tebchaws VMs

NUMA rau kev pab tuaj yeem pab tau hauv chav kuaj thiab txhim kho ib puag ncig uas koj yuav tsis muaj cov khoom zoo uas koj ua hauv ntau lawm vim nws tso cai rau koj los qhia cov khoom siv thoob plaws NUMA nodes.

Nyob tsiv teb tsaws

Piv txwv tias koj ua raws li kev teeb tsa ntawm Hyper-V, koj nyob ntu Kev Tsiv Chaw Nyob yuav tsum muaj tus cim khij hauv lub npov Enable Kev Tuaj Saib Xyuas thiab Tawm Mus Kev Tawm Tebchaws. Hauv lub vijtsam no, koj tuaj yeem sau qhia tias muaj pes tsawg tus tsiv teb tsaws tuaj yeem tshwm sim tau txhua lub sijhawm. Lub neej ntawd ntawm no yog ob qho, raws li pom ntawm no. Koj tuaj yeem tuaj yeem hais qhia tus IP tshwjxeeb yog tias koj xav tau Lub Tebchaws Kev Hla Tebchaws tshwm sim dhau qhov kev sib txawv dua li lwm cov kev mus los.

Hyper-V replica server

Kev Tsiv Chaw Nyob tso cai rau lub tshuab virtual txav ntawm tus tswv nrog tsis muaj lub sijhawm, thiab koj tuaj yeem qhia meej pes tsawg tus tsiv teb tsaws tuaj yeem tshwm sim tib lub sijhawm.

Muaj ib daim paib txuas ntxiv ntawm Lub Caij Hla. Yog tias koj nyem rau ntawm qhov ntawd, koj tau txais kev xaiv rau Advanced Features. Advanced Nta yog qhov uas koj tuaj yeem hloov pauv yam uas koj xav siv rau kev tsiv teb tsaws. Qhov no tau teem rau CredSSP tam sim no (yog tias koj tau ua raws li cov lus qhia kev teeb tsa), thiab qhov no yog qhov uas koj tuaj yeem xaiv Kerberos yog tias koj xav tau.

Koj tseem tuaj yeem xaiv cov kev xaiv ua tau zoo los ntawm no. Koj cov kev xaiv yog TCP / IP, Compression, lossis SMB. Kuv pom zoo kom tawm qhov no ntawm Compression.

Cia Kev Tsiv Teb Tsaws Chaw

Cov Chaw Thauj Khoom Tawm Tebchaws tso cai rau koj txav VM cia nrog tsis muaj downtime mus rau lub tshuab virtual. Nws pab tau zoo heev thaum tsiv mus rau qhov chaw cia khoom tshiab, lossis thaum npaj txhij los ua txij nkawm ntawm qhov chaw cia khoom vim tias koj tuaj yeem txav lub chaw cia nrog lub tshuab virtual tseem siv. Hauv seem no, koj tuaj yeem txiav txim siab seb muaj pes tsawg lub chaw tsiv teb tsaws uas koj xav tso cai kom tshwm sim rau tib lub sijhawm. Qhov chaw teeb tsa rau lub vijtsam no yog ob qho.

Txhim Kho Kev Sib Tham Txoj Cai Tswjfwm

Kev Txhim Kho Kev Tshawb Xyuas Hom Txheej Txheem tso cai rau koj tus tswv tsev Hyper-V txuas rau koj VMs dhau ntawm Tej thaj chaw deb Desktop Raws (RDP). Tej zaum koj yuav xav paub yog vim li cas koj yuav xav tso cai ntawd. Thaum koj siv RDP los txuas, koj tuaj yeem dhau cov khoom siv hauv cheeb tsam rau koj VMs zoo li disk drives, flash drives, thiab lwm yam khoom siv. Koj kuj tau txais qhov sib dhos sib dhos uas tso cai rau koj luam tawm thiab muab tshuaj txhuam, thiab nws txhim kho cov kev txhawb nqa rau saib VMs ntawm lub siab saib xyuas. Qhov kev teeb tsa no tau raug xiam vim kev ntawm Windows Server 2019 yog li koj xav tau nws ua haujlwm yog tias koj xav siv qhov tshwj xeeb no.

Kev Hloov Khoom Hloov

Koj tuaj yeem tsim koj tus tswv Hyper-V kom ua raws li Hyper-V Replica. Thaum Hyper-V tus tswv tsev tau teeb tsa raws li ib qho qauv luam, VMs raug theej rau nws los ntawm thawj lub tshuab Hyper-V servers. Yog tias thawj tus neeg rau zaub mov Hyper-V puas tau ntsib ib qho kev ua tsis zoo, tus neeg rau zaub mov xa tuaj yeem nqa VMs uas tau muab khaws cia rau hauv lub xeev tsis muaj zog.

Koj tuaj yeem qhia meej seb koj xav kom rov ua cov tsheb khiav mus los yog xa cov ntsiab lus los sis xa cov ntawv zais. Kuv ib txwm pom zoo kom siv encryption thaum nws muaj. Thiab koj tseem tuaj yeem xaiv seb koj puas xav tso cai rov ua dua tshiab los ntawm ib lub server twg uas tuaj yeem kuaj xyuas qhov tseeb, lossis yog koj xav txwv tsis pub rov ua dua tshiab rau qee cov servers. Cov npo no tau qhia ntawm no.

Cus-V hloov tus thawj tswj

Kho lub Hyper-V Replica server yog qhov zoo ntxiv rau koj lub koom haum cov tswv yim ua kom muaj kev puas tsuaj rov zoo.

Ntaus ntawv

Cov Vijtsam Keyboard yog ib qho ntawm cov neeg siv lub chaw. Koj tuaj yeem qhia meej seb cov sib txuas tseem ceeb xws li Alt + Tab, piv txwv li, yuav siv rau lub cev lub cev cov keyboard txuas nrog, VM, lossis ntawm VM tab sis tsuas yog tias VM puv npo.

Nas Tshav Pob

Yog tias koj tsis tau teeb tsa cov VM tsav tsheb, koj tuaj yeem tsim qhov sib txuas qhov tseem ceeb uas koj xav siv los tso tus nas kom koj tuaj yeem siv nws sab nraud ntawm VM. Tshwj tsis yog muaj qhov laj thawj zoo tsis rau, teeb tsa cov VM tsav tsheb.

Txhim Kho Kev Sib Kho Hom

Enhanced Session Hom yog qhib rau tus neeg siv los ntawm lub neej ntawd. Nws tso cai rau koj siv cov chaw taws teeb desktop sib txuas kom dhau los ntawm cov ntawv luam, tshuab luam ntawv, thiab lwm yam, thiab siv cov ntawv sib dhos.

Rov Pib Dua Lub thawv

Txhua lub chaw teeb tsa no tau rov pib dua cov npov uas siv los zais cov nplooj ntawv lossis cov lus thaum lawv tau kuaj. Nws tsis rov qab kho dua ib qho ntxiv.

Tus Thawj Tswj Xyuas Virtual Hloov

Thaum koj muaj cai nyem rau koj tus Hyper-V host, koj yuav pom qhov kev xaiv rau Tus Thawj Tswj Hloov Virtual. Qhov kev xaiv no tso cai rau koj los tsim cov keyboards virtual uas koj VMs tuaj yeem siv sib txuas lus hauv lub network. Muaj peb hom kev hloov pauv uas koj tuaj yeem siv nyob rau hauv Hyper-V:

  • Sab nraud: Tso cai rau koj mus txuas rau lub cev network
  • Sab Hauv: Tso cai rau lub tshuab virtual sib txuas lus nrog lwm lub tshuab virtual ntawm tib lub pob taws thiab nrog tus tswv tsev
  • Ntiav: Tsuas yog tso cai rau lub tshuab ua haujlwm virtual sib txuas lus nrog lwm cov tshuab virtual ntawm tib lub pob taws

Muaj txoj kev hloov ntawm txoj kev hloov los txhawb koj txoj kev siv yog qhov tseem ceeb yog tias koj xav kom koj qhov kev tso tawm Hyper-V kom ua tiav. Qhov screen yog qhia nyob hauv daim duab hauv qab no.

Tus tswj hwm Hyper-V SAN

Tus Thawj Pauv Hloov Virtual tso cai rau koj teeb tsa lub network network txuas rau koj Hyper-V ib puag ncig.

Tus Thawj Tswj Xyuas Virtual

Tsis tas li hauv cov ntawv qhia zaub mov rau koj tus Hyper-V host yog Tus Thawj Tswj Xyuas Virtual SAN. Qhov no tso cai rau koj txuas koj lub Hyper-V host rau Fiber Channel SAN. Qhov no tau txais txiaj ntsig tshwj xeeb rau cov koom haum loj uas tau nqis peev hauv Fiber Channel thev naus laus zis. Koj tuaj yeem pom hauv daim duab hauv qab no uas koj tuaj yeem txhais Lub Ntiaj Teb Thoob Ntiaj Teb Npe (WWNN) rau Fiber Channel chaw nres nkoj uas nyob ntawm Hyper-V tus tswv tsev.

Hyper-V muaj kev txhawb nqa rau Fiber Channel SANs, uas yog cov txiaj ntsig zoo rau cov koom haum loj dua uas tau nqis peev hauv Fiber Channel thev naus laus zis.

SANs Fiber siv cov khoom siv hloov pauv tshwj xeeb los txhawb cov kev sib txuas ua haujlwm siab, nrawm qis-latency cia. Cov tshuab siv Fiber Channel yuav tsum tau tshwj xeeb cov chaw sib txuas hauv lub network, uas raug xa mus ua tus tswv tsev tos tsheb npav (HBAs).